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Coûts de revient internationaux en 2018. Des hausses dans la majorité des pays

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Lisa Le Clerc, Baromètre Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 502, novembre, synthèse du mois, p. 8

Contrairement à l’année passée, 2018 a témoigné d’une diminution généralisée des marges des élevages. Les coûts de revient sont en hausse dans la plupart des pays étudiés, portés par le regain du prix de l’aliment. Seule la partie sud du Brésil est épargnée. Ces augmentations, combinées à la baisse du prix du porc, ont affaibli la situation des exploitations.

PDF icon Lisa Le Clerc, Baromètre Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 502, novembre, synthèse du mois, p. 8
2019

La méthanisation améliore le bilan environnemental des élevages

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Sandrine Espagnol, Réussir Porc/ Tech Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 273, novembre 2019, p. 36-37

Une étude de l’Ifip confirme le statut d’énergie renouvelable de la méthanisation, et sa synergie avec les élevages de porc. Mais elle rappelle que la production de biogaz ne résorbe pas l’azote.

PDF icon Sandrine Espagnol, Réussir Porc/ Tech Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 273, novembre 2019, p. 36-37
2019

Smartpharm, la pharmacie connectée

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Michel Marcon, Réussir Porc/ Tech Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 273, novembre, p. 38

L’Ifip a codéveloppé et testé un outil de numérisation des saisies des traitements vétérinaires qui permet le suivi sanitaire de l’élevage et assure une traçabilité complète.

PDF icon Michel Marcon, Réussir Porc/ Tech Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 273, novembre, p. 38
2019
Planning linéaire annuel ifip

Planning linéaire annuel

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Pour gérer la conduite de l’élevage au jour le jour !

Ce calendrier permet de gérer efficacement la conduite des bandes de truies : il permet en premier lieu de connaître exactement la date de mise bas des truies en notant leur date d'insémination. Il sert aussi à noter tous les soins apportés à la bande de truies et à leurs porcelets, jour par jour, sur toute une année. Véritable mémoire pour l'éleveur, il permet de visualiser d’un seul coup d’œil le programme des interventions à réaliser, de contrôler l’efficacité des groupages et la fréquence des retours, d’enregistrer les résultats techniques par bande et les performances de chaque truie... Pour les éleveurs, c'est un outil du quotidien que l'Ifip met à leur service depuis de nombreuses années...

Un support mural est nécessaire pour enrouler la bande d'enregistrement papier (3 mois visibles d'un coup) et nous donnons quelques conseils pour débuter l'utilisation du planning : Notice d’utilisation (pdf 600 ko) 

Édition 2019 utilisable de décembre 2018 jusqu’à janvier 2020 - format 53 x 390 cm

35,00 €
2019

Bonnes pratiques environnementales d'élevage : une nouvelle version du guide

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Nadine Guingand, Porc Mag (FRA), 2019, n° 546, octobre, p. 31

Co-rédigée par l'Ifip, l'Itavi t l'Idèle, une nouvelle version du guide des Bonnes Pratiques Environnementales d'Elevage a été présentée à l'occasion du Space. Plus de 100 fiches techniques seront à disposition.

2019

Détection et suivi de la toux

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Yvonnick Rousselière, Réussir Porc/Tech Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 272, octobre, p. 41

L’Ifip a testé sur la station expérimentale de Romillé un dispositif d’enregistrement capable de détecter la présence de toux en élevage puis de suivre l’évolution de cette pathologie respiratoire.

PDF icon Yvonnick Rousselière, Réussir Porc/Tech Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 272, octobre, p. 41
2019

Mélanger antibiotiques et biocides dans l'eau peut être risqué

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Anne Hémonic, Réussir Porc/Tech Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 272, octobre, p. 34-35

Le chlore et le peroxyde d’hydrogène dégradent certains antibiotiques administrés dans l’eau.
Cela pourrait expliquer des échecs thérapeutiques ou l’apparition d’antibiorésistance dans les élevages.

PDF icon Anne Hémonic, Réussir Porc/Tech Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 272, octobre, p. 34-35
2019

Auto-diagnostic de la biosécurité par l'éleveur

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Visuels d'intervention présentés par Anne Hémonic, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 14 pages

PDF icon Anne Hémonic, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 14 pages
2019

Toolbox des outils simples et pratiques

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Visuels d'intervention présentés par Michel Marcon et Johan Thomas, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 5 pages

PDF icon Michel Marcon et Johan Thomas, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 5 pages
2019

Pourquoi PorcProtect ?

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Visuels d'intervention présentés par Isabelle Corrégé, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 10 pages

PDF icon Isabelle Corrégé, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 10 pages
2019

Besoin et offre de financement des exploitations porcines : évaluation en 2019

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Visuels d'intervention présentés par Christine Roguet (Ifip) et Mickael Etheve (Blézat Consulting), Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 37 pages

PDF icon Christine Roguet (Ifip) et Mickael Etheve (Blézat Consulting), Space 2019, 10-13 sept 2019, Rennes (Matinales), 37 pages
2019
Couverture du Porc par les chiffres

Le porc par les chiffres 2019-2020

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Les chiffres clés les plus récents des filières porcines dans le monde et l’UE (production, consommation, cheptel...) et de la filière porcine en France ; les données utiles pour se repérer tout au long de l’année et à avoir toujours sous la main : un outil indispensable à tous !

  • les échanges (import/export),
  • les élevages de porcs (cheptel/régions, commerce et signes de qualité),
  • les coûts des bâtiments, le secteur de l’aliment pour porc,
  • la sélection (truies, insémination, évolutions génétiques),
  • l’abattage (entreprises, classement des carcasses, paiement au TMP),
  • le secteur de la charcuterie (entreprises et produits),
  • la consommation des viandes et la distribution des produits du porc

sous forme de tableaux, cartes, graphiques. 

Un fichier powerpoint contenant les principaux graphiques complète la brochure ; les visuels présentant chaque maillon de la filière peuvent directement servir à la préparation d’interventions techniques. Il vous sera envoyé sur simple demande : ifip@ifip.asso.fr

Edition IFIP, 39 pages, 16 X 24

25,00 €
2019

Impacts environnementaux des élevages porcins : quels déterminants et leviers d’action ?

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Visuels d'intervention présentés par Sandrine Espagnol, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 10 pages

 

PDF icon Sandrine Espagnol, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 10 pages
2019

Alimentation durable et élevages porcins

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Visuels d'intervention par Sandrine Espagnol, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 5 pages

PDF icon Sandrine Espagnol, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 5 pages
2019

Livestock farming systems and the French society: key controversies

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Elsa Delanoue, sociologue (Idele, Ifip, Itavi), 70th Annual Meeting of the European Federation Animal Science (EAAP), 26-30 août 2019, Ghent, Belgique, p. 614

For several years, French livestock farming has been frequently questioned by society. Those questions concern its environmental impact, sanitary risks or animal treatment and ask, more generally, livestock farming’s place among a society that is more and more concerned about its alimentation. To understand this phenomenon, analyse representations on livestock farming that coexist within the society and enlighten agricultural actors on those social evolutions at work, the project ACCEPT, funded by the CASDAR and led by the French Pork and Pig Institute (IFIP), has been carried out between 2014 and 2018. With the aim of identifying the subjects of controversy about breeding in France, all animal productions considered, and to describe the diversity of actors and arguments, both qualitative and quantitative studies were conducted: around seventy interviews were conducted, in France and five other UE countries, with the main stakeholders (livestock farming professionals, farmers, companies, journalists, NGOs, consumers) and more than 2007 French citizens were questioned on a online survey. The analysis of discourses led to classify the debates on the French livestock farming in four major areas: environmental impact, animal welfare, risks to human health and socioeconomic model of livestock farming. It reflects expectations for different types of system: some want a gradual disappearance of intensive farming systems for the benefit of under official quality signs or implementing alternative practices; others want the development of intensive farming to produce more and become more competitive; and between them many want a gradual improvement in the intensive system, with stronger environmental and animal welfare requirements. We consider that we face a global controversy on livestock farming: indeed, beyond specific controversies on practices, debates regarding the very legitimacy of livestock farming or the consumption of animal products gather all the different topics, and are linked with larger society problematics (consumption habits, growth models, globalization, etc.). This feature may complicate the resolution of the controversy and make it hazardous and longer.

PDF icon Elsa Delanoue, sociologue (Idele, Ifip, Itavi), 70th EAAP, 26-30 août 2019, Ghent, Belgique, p. 614
2019

Antimicrobial usage evolution between 2010, 2013 and 2016 in a group of French pig farms

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Anne Hémonic et al., 70th Annual Meeting of the European Federation Animal Science (EAAP), 26-30 août 2019, Ghent, Belgique, p. 545

Monitoring antimicrobial usage in pig farms is a key element of a reduction plan. The objective of this study was to analyse the antimicrobial usage evolution in the same farms between 2010-2013-2016 and to identify the factors of variations. The study monitored antimicrobial usage by weight group in 2016 in 33 farrow-to-finish farms in the West of France. The antimicrobial usage had ever been registered twice for 23 of them in 2010 and 2013 and once for 10 of them in 2013. It was quantified by the number of Course Doses per produced pig per year (nCD/pig). Farmers were asked about the factors that could explain the evolution between 2013-2016. On average, antimicrobial usage significantly decreased over six years (-38%). However, a high variability of individual evolutions was observed: among the 23 farms with three annual data, 43% decreased their use between 2010-2013 (-3 nCD/pig on average) but had a stable use between 2013-2016 (-0,2 nCD/pig). 26% decreased their use between 2010-2013 (-4 nCD/pig on average) and also between 2013-2016 (-2 nCD/pig). 9% increased then decreased their use during the two periods (+4 then -7 nCD/pig). One farm had the opposite trajectory (-9 then +2 nCD/pig) and another always increased its use (+2 then +5 nCD/pig). Among the 33 farms with data in 2013-2016, 36% decreased their use (-2 nCD/pig on average), 39% had a stable use and 24% increased their use (+3 nCD/pig). For sows, suckling piglets and fattening pigs, most of the farms had stable usage between 2013-2016. Only antimicrobial usage for weaned piglets was more frequently reduced. Increases were explained by occurrence of sanitary problems (mainly urogenital, digestive and respiratory problems on sows, piglets and fatteners respectively). Decreases were explained by vaccination, stop of preventive treatments and improvement of herd management. This study highlights the variability of individual trajectories in antimicrobial usage, due to sanitary issues that may be different according to each weight group. It usefully complements the monitoring of average evolution at the country level.

PDF icon Anne Hémonic et al., 70th EAAP, 26-30 août 2019, Ghent, Belgique, p. 545
2019

Early disease detection for weaned piglet based on live weight, feeding and drinking behaviour

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Michel Marcon et al., 70th Annual Meeting of the European Federation Animal Science (EAAP), 26-30 août 2019, Ghent, Belgique, p. 547

Early disease detection is one of the key to effective disease control in farms and reducing antibiotics usage. A batch of 153 weaned piglets was used to test a first machine learning algorithm in order to predict the individual health state of each animal. In order to build the early disease detection algorithm, nine boxes of 17 piglets has been set up with automata. In real time within this section we knew the number of times each animal went to the drinker or the feeder, the quantity of water and feed it took and its weight. As the golden standard to know either a piglet seems healthy or not, the clinical signs will be observed by trained operators on each pig every workday and recorded on a standardized grid (diarrhoea, cough, lameness…). Then, data collected from this batch of 153 piglets were used to create an algorithm with the software R, based on bagging and random forest machine-learning method. The database was split into learning (70%) and testing (30%). We obtained a global success of 86% of good prediction. 
In order to validate the accuracy of the model, a second batch of 153 piglets was used. Every day, a list of predicted sick pigs was printed automatically, indicating the individual identification of the animal, and its pen. Then, the results of these predictions were compared with the golden standard (observations of clinical signs by trained operators). Out of 3,437 observations (including predictions that the piglet is not sick), the algorithm correctly predicted the status of the piglets 2,462 times. Artificial intelligence has made 72% of good predictions. Regarding the true positive results, 96 alerts out of 117 were actually associated with observations of animals suffering mainly
from diarrhoea within two days (82% of success). Now, the aim is to improve this algorithm in different ways: to test accelerometers to check the activity of each piglet; to be more accurate on recording cough by a microphone (SOMO, Soundtalks); to test if some trajectories of behavioural change are linked to specific diseases (lameness, digestive or respiratory disease) and not only to generic disease. These studies will be part of the Healthylivestock project (EC funded H2020 research project).

PDF icon Mchel Marcon et al., 70th EAAP, 26-30 août 2019, Ghent, Belgique, p. 547
2019

Modelling growth performance of pigs and within-room thermal balance in different local conditions

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Nathalie Quiniou et al., 70th Annual Meeting of the European Federation Animal Science (EAAP), 26-30 août 2019, Ghent, Belgique, p. 414, poster

A model has been used to assess both direct and indirect consumption of energy by growing pigs fed ad libitum, housed in fattening rooms with various insulation characteristics, and under different outdoor temperatures. This model combines a growth model and a bioclimatic model. It simulates thermal exchanges at the room level, based on interactions between the insulation of the room, available equipment (fans, heaters…), the parameters of the climate control box, the characteristics of pigs, and the feeding strategy. Heat sources are the animals (sensible heat) and heaters when available. Heat losses are due to insulation characteristics of the room and air renewal. The model has been evaluated from data collected simultaneously on pigs, diets, indoor and outdoor temperature (T) during a trial, and the error of prediction of indoor T was below 0.5 °C on an hourly basis. Thereafter, simulation will be performed, based on the same population of pigs and feeding strategy under different outdoor T, different heater powers in the room combined with different insulation level of wall material. For this purpose, four time series of outdoor T have been collected over 12 months (one in France and three from South to North in Sweden), as well as building characteristics in both countries (heater power: from 0 to 26 Watt/fattening place; 1 or 3 insulated layers).

For each combination of climate and building, indoor T and pig performance will be simulated as well as total energy consumption and its partition between direct and indirect components. This research was part of the Pigsys ERA-Net project, co-funded under European Union’s Horizon 2020 RI program (from SuSan, www.era-susan.eu,Grant Agreement n°696231) by the French ANR (grant n°ANR-16-SUSN-0003-02).

PDF icon Nathalie Quiniou et al., 70th EAAP, 26-30 août 2019, Ghent, Belgique, p. 414, poster
2019

Steroidome and metabolome analysis in gilt saliva to identify biomarkers of boar effect receptivity

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G. Goudet (INRA) et al., 70th Annual Meeting of the European Federation Animal Science (EAAP), 26-30 août 2019, Ghent, Belgique, p. 489, poster

Our objective was to develop alternatives to hormonal treatments to synchronize oestrus of gilts. Before puberty gilts exhibit a pre-puberty period during which boar exposure could induce and synchronize first ovulation. To develop practical non-invasive tools to identify this period an  improve detection of the gilts to stimulate, we searched for salivary biomarkers of the pre-puberty period. Saliva samples were collected from 30 Large-White × Landrace crossbred gilts from 140 to 175 days of age. Gilts were exposed to a boar twice a day and subjected to oestrus detection from 150 to 175 days of age. Among the 30 gilts, 10 were detected in oestrus 4 to 7 days after introduction of the boar and were considered receptive to the boar effect, 14 were detected in oestrus more than 8 days after boar introduction, 6 did not show oestrus and were considered non-receptive. Saliva samples from 6 receptive and 6 non-receptive gilts were analysed for steroidome using GC-MS/MS and for metabolome using 1H-NMR spectroscopy. Four saliva samples per gilt were analysed: 26 days and 11 days before boar introduction (BI-26 and BI-11), the day of boar introduction (BI), 3 days later for receptive gilts (BI+3) or 7 days later for nonreceptive gilts (BI+7). Data were analysed using repeated measures one-way ANOVA and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis. Thirty steroids and 35 metabolites were detected in gilt saliva. The concentrations of 6 steroids were higher (P<0.05) in receptive gilts than in non-receptive gilts at BI-26, BI-11 and BI. The concentration of 2 metabolites were lower (P<0.05) in receptive gilts than in non-receptive gilts at BI-11. These candidates could be potential salivary biomarkers to detect receptive gilts. However, their low and variable concentrations in saliva require expensive analysis and limit their use in pig farms.

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2019

Toolbox de l'Ifip audite les bâtiments sur smartphone

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Michel Marcon, Réussir Porc/ Tech Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 271, septembre, p. 50-51

L’application Toolbox mise au point par l’Ifip propose quatre calculettes pour un auto-audit simple et rapide de la ventilation, du chauffage, des équipements et de la conduite.

PDF icon Michel Marcon, Réussir Porc/ Tech Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 271, septembre, p. 50-51
2019

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