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Genic and non-genic SNP contributions to additive and dominance genetic effects in purebred and crossbred pig traits

Genic and non-genic SNP contributions to additive and dominance genetic effects in purebred and crossbred pig traits

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Auteurs : Mohammadpanah M, Mehrgardi AA, Gilbert H, Larzul C, Mercat MJ, Esmailizadeh A, Momen M, Tusell L
The present research has estimated the additive and dominance genetic variances of genic and intergenic segments for average daily gain (ADG), backfat thickness (BFT) and pH of the semimembranosus dorsi muscle (PHS). Further, the predictive performance using additive and additive dominance models in a purebred Piétrain (PB) and a crossbred (Piétrain × Large White, CB) pig population was assessed. All genomic regions contributed equally to the additive and dominance genetic variations and lead to the same predictive ability that did not improve with the inclusion of dominance genetic effect and inbreeding in the models. Using all SNPs available, additive genotypic correlations between PB and CB performances for the three traits were high and positive (> 0.83) and dominance genotypic correlation was very inaccurate. Estimates of dominance genotypic correlations between all pairs of traits in both populations were imprecise but positive for ADG-BFT in CB and BFT-PHS in PB and CB with a high probability (> 0.98). Additive and dominance genotypic correlations between BFT and PHS were of different sign in both populations, which could indicate that genes contributing to the additive genetic progress in both traits would have an antagonistic effect when used for exploiting dominance effects in planned matings.

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Titre :

Genic and non-genic SNP contributions to additive and dominance genetic effects in purebred and crossbred pig traits

Date sortie / parution :

2022

Titre de périodique :

Scientific Reports

Auteur

Mercat2020

Ingénieure d’étude - Experte en génétique moléculaire et en génomique

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